Biochemistry

Biochemistry [Greek: bios, life + chemia, mutation] The application of chemistry to medicine started with Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim (1493-1541). The union of chemistry with medicine was named iatrochemistry and was studied by Jan Baptist van Helmont (1577-1644), Johann Rudolph Glauber (1604-1670) and Robert Boyle (1627ñ1691). Antoine Lavoisier (1743-1794) stated that life is a chemical functioní. Important works that contributed to early biochemistry were: Chemistry in its Application to Agriculture and Physiology (1840) and Organic Chemistry in its Application to Physiology and Pathology (1842), both by Justus von Liebig (1803ñ1873) of Germany and Chemical and Physiological Balance of Organic Nature (1844) by Jean Baptiste Dumas (1800–1884) and Jean Baptiste Joseph Dieudonne Boussingault(1802–1887). Much is founded on the pioneering works of Josiah Willard Gibbs (1839ñ1903) on chemical thermodynamics, Jacobus Henricus Van’t Hoff (1852-1911) on chemical kinetics and Svante Arrhenius (1859ñ1927) on electrolytic dissociation. William Dobinson Halliburton [1860–1931], professor of physiology at Kingís College London, was an English pioneer in biochemistry who wrote The Essentials of Chemical Physiology in 1892. The first of the amino acids, tryptophane, was discovered by Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins (1861–1947) in 1901. The study of the amino acids and their sequence in proteins and research on enzymes occupied most of the early period. A significant advance was made by the introduction of electrophoresis, a method of analysis based on the different mobility of substances in an electric field by Arne Wilhelm Kaurin Tiselius (1902–1971) in 1930. His technique was simplified in 1944 by A.H. Gordon and John Porter Archer Martinwho used water on cellulose (filter paper) as a medium for analysis. Their technique was used by Charles Dent to identify 60 different amino acids in 1948. The biochemical processes of the body were shown to be regulated by genes by Edward Laurie Tatum (1909ñ1975) at the Rockefeller Institute. A turning point in the study of structural biochemistry came with Emil Fischerís (1852ñ1919) research on the principal components of living matter such as fats, proteins and sugars. A valuable account of the early development of biochemistry is given in F. Lebenís Geschichte der Physiologischen Chemie published in 1935.



Stamps on Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Cellular Biology
Stamps on Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Cellular Biology
More Info
Sort Order :

The Earth Heals Everything, The Story of Biochemistry Justin Glass Reprint of First Edition 1966
The Earth Heals Everything, The Story of Biochemistry Justin Glass Reprint of First Edition 1966
£34.00
View Detail
Physical Biochemistry, Henry B. Bull, North Western University, 1945 Second Printing
Physical Biochemistry, Henry B. Bull, North Western University, 1945 Second Printing
£52.00
View Detail
Exercises in Practical Physiological Chemistry, Sydney William Cole (1877-1951) First Edition Simpkin Marsall & Co London 1904
Exercises in Practical Physiological Chemistry, Sydney William Cole (1877-1951) First Edition Simpkin Marsall & Co London 1904
£68.00
View Detail
Photelometric Clinical Chemistry, William S Hoffman, Chicago Medical School, First Edition 1941
Photelometric Clinical Chemistry, William S Hoffman, Chicago Medical School, First Edition 1941
£78.00
View Detail
An Introduction to Chromatography, Williams, Trevor I, 1st Edition, Blackie and Son Ltd, London, 1946 good copy
An Introduction to Chromatography, Williams, Trevor I, 1st Edition, Blackie and Son Ltd, London, 1946 good copy
£78.00
View Detail
Principles of Organic Chemistry by James English and Harold G Cassidy, McGraw Hill Book Company 1949, First Edition,
Principles of Organic Chemistry by James English and Harold G Cassidy, McGraw Hill Book Company 1949, First Edition,
£95.00
View Detail
A Text-Book of Quantitative Chemical Analysis by Alex Charles Cumming, 1916 Second Edition
A Text-Book of Quantitative Chemical Analysis by Alex Charles Cumming, 1916 Second Edition
£98.00
View Detail
New Conceptions In Science: With A Foreword On The Relations Of Science And Progress, Illustrations and Portraits, Carl Snyder, Second and Revised Edition 1903
New Conceptions In Science: With A Foreword On The Relations Of Science And Progress, Illustrations and Portraits, Carl Snyder, Second and Revised Edition 1903
£98.00
View Detail
Principles of Organic Chemistry, James English and Harold G Cassidy, Yale University, 1949 First Edition, Author Signed presentation copy
Principles of Organic Chemistry, James English and Harold G Cassidy, Yale University, 1949 First Edition, Author Signed presentation copy
£115.00
View Detail
Elements of Chemistry, Edward Turner John Grigg Philadelphia 1829 2nd American Edition
Elements of Chemistry, Edward Turner John Grigg Philadelphia 1829 2nd American Edition
£145.00
View Detail
The Essentials of Chemical Physiology, W D Halliburton, Longmans, Green, and Co, 1922
The Essentials of Chemical Physiology, W D Halliburton, Longmans, Green, and Co, 1922
£148.00
View Detail
Biochemistry of Disease by Meyer Bodanski, Macmillan Company, New York, 1941. First Edition, Hardcover.
Biochemistry of Disease by Meyer Bodanski, Macmillan Company, New York, 1941. First Edition, Hardcover.
£148.00
View Detail
Clinical Diagnosis, The Bacteriological, Chemical and Microscopic Evidence of Disease, Rudolf  v Jaksch,  A E Garrod, scarce
Clinical Diagnosis, The Bacteriological, Chemical and Microscopic Evidence of Disease, Rudolf v Jaksch, A E Garrod, scarce
£149.00
View Detail
The Chemical Kinetics of the Bacterial Cell. HINSHELWOOD, Cyril Norman, Clarendon Press 1956
The Chemical Kinetics of the Bacterial Cell. HINSHELWOOD, Cyril Norman, Clarendon Press 1956
£168.00
View Detail
Physiological Chemistry, Volume 1 Lehman, C.G, translated by George E Day, Professor of Medicine, St Andrews University Publication Date: 1851
Physiological Chemistry, Volume 1 Lehman, C.G, translated by George E Day, Professor of Medicine, St Andrews University Publication Date: 1851
£178.00
View Detail
Chemistry of Common Life, 2 volumes, The Physiology of Common Life, 2 volumes, 1859 SOLD
Chemistry of Common Life, 2 volumes, The Physiology of Common Life, 2 volumes, 1859 SOLD
£280.00
View Detail