Canada

1497 - Italian-born navigator John Cabot reaches the coasts of Newfoundland and Cape Breton.

1855: Settlement of Bytown rechristened Ottawa

1534 - Jacques Cartier explores the St Lawrence river, claims the shores of the Gulf of St Lawrence for France.

1583 - Newfoundland becomes England's first overseas colony.

1600s - Fur trade rivalry between the French, English and Dutch; the Europeans exploit existing rivalries between Indian nations to form alliances.

1627 - Company of New France established to govern and exploit "New France" - France's North American colonies.

1670 - Hudson's Bay Company established by London traders. The company holds trading rights for regions whose rivers drain into Hudson Bay.

1701 - Thirty-eight Indian nations sign a peace treaty near Montreal with the French, ending 20 years of diplomacy.

1756 - Seven Years' War begins, between New France and the larger and economically-stronger British colonies. After early French successes, the settlement of Quebec falls in 1759 and the British advance on Montreal.

1763 - Under the Treaty of Paris, Britain acquires all French colonies east of the Mississippi including New France, which becomes the colony of Quebec.

1774 - The Quebec Act recognises the French language and the Roman Catholic religion in the colony.

1776 onwards - Loyalist refugees from the American War of Independence settle in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Quebec and Ontario.

               

Vancouver[Named after British explorer George Vancouver

 

1783 - Fur traders in Montreal set up the North West Company. The company builds up a network of trading posts across the west and north; its expeditions reach the Pacific coast.

1791 - Quebec divided into Lower Canada (present-day Quebec) and Upper Canada (present-day Ontario).

1800s - Immigration picks up. Thousands of newcomers from England, Scotland and Ireland arrive each year.

1812-14 - War of 1812 between the US and Britain, largely over the effects on the US of British blockades of French ports. Action includes naval battles in the Great Lakes and a US attack on York (present-day Toronto). But the US fails to realise its plans to invade Canada.

1821 - Hudson's Bay Company and North West Company merge, after years of bitter rivalry descend into bloodshed.

1841 - Formation of the United Province of Canada reunites Canada East (Lower) and Canada West (Upper) Canada.

1867 - British North America Act unites Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick in the Dominion of Canada.

1870 - Manitoba becomes fifth province, followed by British Columbia and Prince Edward Island.

1885 - Canadian Pacific railroad is completed.

1898 - Gold rush along the upper Yukon River; Yukon Territory given separate status.

1905 - Alberta and Saskatchewan become provinces of Canada.

1914 - Outbreak of World War I. Canada fights on the side of Britain and France. Some French-speaking Canadians are wary of the move.

Autonomy from Britain

1931 - Statute of Westminster grants British dominions complete autonomy. 



Stamps of Canada
Stamps of Canada
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CANADA VICTORIA 1 CENT BRONZE 1888 EF
CANADA VICTORIA 1 CENT BRONZE 1888 EF
£14.00
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CANADA EDWARD VII 1 CENT BRONZE GOOD GRADE
CANADA EDWARD VII 1 CENT BRONZE GOOD GRADE
£14.00
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CANADA EDWARD VII  FIVE CENTS SILVER 1910 AU-XF
CANADA EDWARD VII FIVE CENTS SILVER 1910 AU-XF
£18.00
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CANADA VICTORIA ONE CENT BRONZE 1896 VF
CANADA VICTORIA ONE CENT BRONZE 1896 VF
£28.00
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Nova Scotia, Canadian Province, Queen Victoria, Half Penny Token, 1856
Nova Scotia, Canadian Province, Queen Victoria, Half Penny Token, 1856
£29.00
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CANADA VICTORIA 10 CENTS SILVER 1870 VF
CANADA VICTORIA 10 CENTS SILVER 1870 VF
£29.00
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New Brunswick Canada Queen Victoria 1861 VF
New Brunswick Canada Queen Victoria 1861 VF
£34.00
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CANADA NEW BRUNSWICK 1 CENT BRONZE VF 1864
CANADA NEW BRUNSWICK 1 CENT BRONZE VF 1864
£36.00
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CANADA 100 YEAR ANNIVERSARY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA 1 SILVER DOLLAR1958 XF-VF
CANADA 100 YEAR ANNIVERSARY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA 1 SILVER DOLLAR1958 XF-VF
£38.00
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NEWFOUNDLAND GEORGE V 50 CENTS SILVER COIN 1919 VF
NEWFOUNDLAND GEORGE V 50 CENTS SILVER COIN 1919 VF
£38.00
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CANADA QUEBEC 1/2 PENNY COPPER 1852 VF MINTED 240,000
CANADA QUEBEC 1/2 PENNY COPPER 1852 VF MINTED 240,000
£46.00
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CANADA SHIPS COLONIES AND COMMERCE HALF PENNY TOKENS CA 1825 GOOD GRADE
CANADA SHIPS COLONIES AND COMMERCE HALF PENNY TOKENS CA 1825 GOOD GRADE
£48.00
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Canadian halfpenny token - 1815 John Barry of Halifax - Nova Scotia Canada VF
Canadian halfpenny token - 1815 John Barry of Halifax - Nova Scotia Canada VF
£58.00
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CANADA 1/2 PENNY COPPER TOKEN 1854 VF
CANADA 1/2 PENNY COPPER TOKEN 1854 VF
£58.00
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Canada, Bank of Montreal, Half penny (Un So) Token 1837 Bank of Montreal, EF
Canada, Bank of Montreal, Half penny (Un So) Token 1837 Bank of Montreal, EF
£68.00
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Canada, Nova Scotia, King George III half penny 1832 EF
Canada, Nova Scotia, King George III half penny 1832 EF
£78.00
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