History of Medicine

History of medicine is a story of human struggle to remain healthy and postpone death. The shift of average life expectancy at 33 years during Old Stone Age to current 79 years just did not happen by itself. First man thought devil and deities brought disease, hence the birth of priests and witch doctors. Fearing adverse nature worshipped nature and made them gods. First scientific theory of diseases came during Hippocratic times with the theory of four humours which brought man closer to truth.

Fracastorus (1478–1553), a physician in Vienna, proposed a different cause in his treatise Contagium Vivum published in 1546. An early attempt to view microscopic organisms in blood in plague was made by Athanasius Kircher (1601–1680), a Jesuit priest, in 1658. He described what he saw as ‘worms’ of plague in Scrutium Pestis. Infection by germs as a cause of disease was proposed by Nicholas Andry (1658–1742) in 1701. Proof that disease is associated with microorganisms was provided by Agostino Bassi (1773–1856) of Lodi, with his work on silkworms in 1835. Oliver Wendell Holmes (1809–1894) wrote On the Contagiousness of Puerperal Fever presented to the Boston Medical Society in 1842. Ignaz Semmelweiss (1818–1865) in Vienna demonstrated in 1847 that mortality due to puerperal fever could be reduced from 18% to less than 2% if students and doctors washed their hands before attending patients. His findings were ignored and he was ridiculed and persecuted. The theory was firmly established by Louis Pasteur (1822–1895) who showed the presence of living cells in fermentation. Robert Koch (1843–1910), a German bacteriologist, isolated the anthrax bacillus in 1876. The mycobacterium causing leprosy isolated by a Norwegian physician, Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen (1841–1912) in 1874; gonococcal bacteria by Albert Ludwig Sigemund Neisser (1855–1916) in 1879; staphylococcus by Alexander Ogston (1844–1929) in 1881; tubercle bacillus by Koch in 1882; and streptococcus of erysipelas by Friedrich Fehleisen (1854–1924) in 1888. A demonstration of a filterable virus as a cause of disease was shown in the tobacco plant by Dmitri Iosifovich Ivanovski (1864–1920), a Russian botanist, in 1892. He extracted the sap of the plant and passed it thorough a filter to clear it of bacteria and showed that the sap was still capable of producing the disease.



Sort Order :

Displaying 1 to 21 of 114 product(s)
Jamaica, International Year of Disabled Persons, 60 C 1981 used VF
Jamaica, International Year of Disabled Persons, 60 C 1981 used VF
£3.00
View Detail
France, Infant, Red Cross, 16.12.1968 cancellation date
France, Infant, Red Cross, 16.12.1968 cancellation date
£3.00
View Detail
France, Red Cross Stamp, Gilles, used dated 1956
France, Red Cross Stamp, Gilles, used dated 1956
£4.00
View Detail
Philippines Quezon Institute (Hospital) for care of tuberculosis 1959 used fine
Philippines Quezon Institute (Hospital) for care of tuberculosis 1959 used fine
£4.00
View Detail
United States of America Centenary of American Dental Association 1859-1959 Dental Health 4c used fine
United States of America Centenary of American Dental Association 1859-1959 Dental Health 4c used fine
£4.00
View Detail
FRANCE, 1'50 F BLUE. HISTORY OF MEDICINE, LOUIS PASTEUR 1923 USED
FRANCE, 1'50 F BLUE. HISTORY OF MEDICINE, LOUIS PASTEUR 1923 USED
£5.00
View Detail
Algeria, History of Medicine, Malaria, François Clément Maillot, 40 f, 1952, used
Algeria, History of Medicine, Malaria, François Clément Maillot, 40 f, 1952, used
£5.00
View Detail
Poland, Theme Microbiology, set of 2, Robert Koch (1843-1910) Founder of Microbiology, Odo Bujwid  (1857-1942) Vaccination against Rabies, 1982 MNH
Poland, Theme Microbiology, set of 2, Robert Koch (1843-1910) Founder of Microbiology, Odo Bujwid (1857-1942) Vaccination against Rabies, 1982 MNH
£12.00
View Detail
France, Centenary of Rabies Prevention 1885, History of Medicine 1985 MNH
France, Centenary of Rabies Prevention 1885, History of Medicine 1985 MNH
£15.00
View Detail
Afghanistan, Child Protection and Welfare 1960 set of 2 MNH
Afghanistan, Child Protection and Welfare 1960 set of 2 MNH
£16.00
View Detail
Historic Events in the Light of Modern Medicine, Erwin Pulay, Frederick Muller, London, 1943 First Edition
Historic Events in the Light of Modern Medicine, Erwin Pulay, Frederick Muller, London, 1943 First Edition
£23.00
View Detail
THE DRAMA OF MEDICINE - Doctors risk their lives in research First Edition 1962
THE DRAMA OF MEDICINE - Doctors risk their lives in research First Edition 1962
£24.00
View Detail
Les Traditions De L'ecole Brittannique De Medecine Et Son Developpment, F G Crookshank 1921, very good copy
Les Traditions De L'ecole Brittannique De Medecine Et Son Developpment, F G Crookshank 1921, very good copy
£24.00
View Detail
The Science of Seeing. Ida Mann & Antoinette Pirie, Illustrated, First Edition, 1948 illustrated. Pelican Books, fair
The Science of Seeing. Ida Mann & Antoinette Pirie, Illustrated, First Edition, 1948 illustrated. Pelican Books, fair
£24.00
View Detail
Organon of Medicine, Samuel Hahnemann, Sixth Edition, Reprint 1983
Organon of Medicine, Samuel Hahnemann, Sixth Edition, Reprint 1983
£25.00
View Detail
War Against Disease, Milton Silverman, 1942 First Edition
War Against Disease, Milton Silverman, 1942 First Edition
£26.00
View Detail
Primitive and Archaic Medicine, Galaxy Book, 1967, soft cover, good copy,
Primitive and Archaic Medicine, Galaxy Book, 1967, soft cover, good copy,
£26.00
View Detail
A doctor's look at life and history, David Sutherland Muckle, First Edition 1970
A doctor's look at life and history, David Sutherland Muckle, First Edition 1970
£28.00
View Detail
The Worthies of the United Kingdom and Biographical Accounts Knight and Lacey London 1828 First Edition
The Worthies of the United Kingdom and Biographical Accounts Knight and Lacey London 1828 First Edition
£28.00
View Detail
A Hundred Years of Medicine, Second Impression 1939 Lloyd, Wyndham E.B.
A Hundred Years of Medicine, Second Impression 1939 Lloyd, Wyndham E.B.
£35.00
View Detail
Memoir of Thomas Turner, Manchester Medical School, by a relative, 1875 SOLD
Memoir of Thomas Turner, Manchester Medical School, by a relative, 1875 SOLD
£35.00
View Detail
Displaying 1 to 21 of 114 product(s)