Public Health

PUBLIC HEALTH The importance of hygiene in relation to health of the society has been known for millennia. Excavations at Mohanjadaro and Harappa in the Indus Valley by English archeologist  Sir John Hubert Marshall (1876–1958) of Chester in the 1920s revealed a sophisticated system of sanitation and hygiene existed 5000 years ago. The first subterranean sewers called ‘cloacae’ were built in Rome around 600 BC. The Aediles, a group of public health officials in Rome around AD 70, looked after cleanliness of public roads, suitability of food items for consumption, burial methods and other matters. The state of public health deteriorated during the Middle Ages leading to epidemics of plague and other pestilence. The first sanitary legislation in England prescribing a penalty of 20 pounds for casting animal filth into rivers and ditches in urban areas was in effect in 1388. Sewers to drain water from marshes and low lying areas were constructed during the reign of King Henry VIII in 1532 and opened into the river Thames, which became a cesspool and led to appalling sanitary conditions in London by 1840. The earliest design for a water mechanical closet was made by Sir John Harington(1561–1612) in 1596. A system of ventilation to provide fresh air to hospitals, mines, and other crowded places was devised by the British scientist and clergyman Stephen Hales (1677–1761) in 1743. Sir Edwin Chadwick(1801–1890), the great sanitary reformer of England, wrote Report on the Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Population in 1842 that led to the City Sewage Act  and the first medical officer in 1848. The Public Health Act was passed in England in 1875 and contained a vast code of sanitary laws in 300 sections. A pioneer in public health in Europe was Peter Johann Frank (1745–1821) of Rotalben who used the term ‘medical police’ to refer to all preventive aspects. The American Public Health Association was founded in 1872 through the efforts of Lemuel Shattuck (1793–1859) of Boston who presented Report of the Sanitary conditions of Massachusetts in 1850. A modern public health campaign in America was launched by Charles Value Chapin (1856–1941), superintendent of health at Providence and president of the American Public Health Association in 1927. William Thompson Sedgwick(1855–1921) of Massachusetts advocated pasteurization of milk and the treatment of drinking water with chlorine.



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Insect Pests, WM Clunie Harvey, H. K. Lewis, 1940, First Edition
Insect Pests, WM Clunie Harvey, H. K. Lewis, 1940, First Edition
£38.00
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Preventive Inoculation, W Powell Phillips, Medical Officer of  Health Cardiff, First Edition, The Practitioner 1942,
Preventive Inoculation, W Powell Phillips, Medical Officer of Health Cardiff, First Edition, The Practitioner 1942,
£38.00
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Public Health in British India, Anglo-Indian Preventive Medicine 1859–1914, Mark Harrison, good condition.
Public Health in British India, Anglo-Indian Preventive Medicine 1859–1914, Mark Harrison, good condition.
£39.00
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The History of Food Preservation, Stuart Thorne,  Parthenon Publishing, 1986, First Edition Illustrated
The History of Food Preservation, Stuart Thorne, Parthenon Publishing, 1986, First Edition Illustrated
£48.00
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A Simple Method of Water Analysis, John Clough Thresh, Macmillan, 1898
A Simple Method of Water Analysis, John Clough Thresh, Macmillan, 1898
£52.00
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Food Poisoning, Its Nature History and Causation, Measures for its Prevention and Control, Elliot E Dewbury, Leonard Hill 3rd Edition 1950
Food Poisoning, Its Nature History and Causation, Measures for its Prevention and Control, Elliot E Dewbury, Leonard Hill 3rd Edition 1950
£53.00
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Boutilism and Food Preservation, W Collins and Sons Co Ltd, London, 1923, Illustrated First Edition
Boutilism and Food Preservation, W Collins and Sons Co Ltd, London, 1923, Illustrated First Edition
£71.00
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Text-book of Public Health by E.W. Hope, E & S Livingstone, London, 1930.
Text-book of Public Health by E.W. Hope, E & S Livingstone, London, 1930.
£99.00
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A Text Book of Bacteriology, Hans Zinsser, 164 Illustrations, Fifth Edition, 1922 D Appleton and Co, New York
A Text Book of Bacteriology, Hans Zinsser, 164 Illustrations, Fifth Edition, 1922 D Appleton and Co, New York
£128.00
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Lady Mary Wortley Montagu Selected Passages From Her Letters Arthur R., M.A., (Editor) Ropes 1892
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu Selected Passages From Her Letters Arthur R., M.A., (Editor) Ropes 1892
£155.00
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Epidemics, Plagues and Fevers, their Causes & Prevention, Early classic on pollution, Albert Rollo Russell, 1st Edition 1892
Epidemics, Plagues and Fevers, their Causes & Prevention, Early classic on pollution, Albert Rollo Russell, 1st Edition 1892
£220.00
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