Shiva, Nandi, Linga

 

Shiva, one of the main triad of Hinduism, others being Brama and Vishnu. He is most known to the art world for iconic tandava dance as Nataraja. Nandi is Shiva's vahana (vehicle) as well as the provider of music (Tandeva) for Shiva's cosmic dance as Nataraja. Often they are worshiped on their own right as well as together. Linga and Yoni takes its origin from the proto-Dravidian culture in the Indus Valley and so is Shiva (Lord of the Beasts) and Nandi as seen from the Indus Valley seals. These deities coalesced with nature gods of the Aryans from 1700 to 1200 BC to become the present Hindu religion.

Shiva is a philosophical concept in Hinduism encompassing the universe and its contents. His abode in Mount Kailash in the Himalayas, one of the highest natural positions on earth, close to the source of some of the longest Asian rivers: the Indus, Sutlej, Brahmaputra, and Karnali also known as Ghaghara (a tributary of the Ganges) signifies the essence of nature. His depiction as Linga portrays the male procreational power of the mankind which took its origin during Vedic times around 1400 BC. In the bible during creation god produced Eve out of Adam’s bone so that he is not alone. According to Hindu faith, Shakti (Parvati) was created as consort of Shiva symbolic representation of Linga and Yoni.

Ardhanarishvara, 100 – 300 AD, Kushan Period

Of the Trimurti or  triumvirate, Brahma is the creator, Vishnu the preserver of the universe while Shiva is endowed with the power of destruction. Shiva’s role in Hindu philosophy takes multiple forms. The androgynous image of Shiva as Ardhanarishvara (Ardhanaranari) is a philosophical model conceived in 100 to 300 AD during the Kushan period, or possibly even earlier. In this iconic representation of Shiva, one half of the image portrays his male attributes with a short dhoti and without developed breast, while Parvati wears a long dhoti and female breast. The 3rd eye is common to both as they share the wisdom and power together as supreme god and goddess.

Oesho, Gold Coin. King Kanishka ca 100 AD

The choice of Nandi (cow) as Shiva’s vehicle reflects the pastoral origin of human civilisation and possibly the mother nature of Dravidian goddesses. Nandi and Shiva together, perhaps the first depiction, appears in the oesho gold coins of Kushan of the early Christian era. The presence of the statue of Nandi at the gates of most temples dedicated to  Shiva underpins the spiritual role of the sacred animal in Hinduism.  The most iconic image of Shiva as Nataraja (natyam; dance, raja; king) comes from the Chola and Pallava period (400-1200 AD) when metallurgic Hindu art reached its zenith.

According to Shaivism sect whose main deity is Shiva, he is formless, limitless, transcendent and unchanging absolute Brahman. There are many interpretations to  Tandav (Tamil, tandavam; dance) image of Shiva. As the cosmic dancer he performs his divine dance to destroy a weary and ignorant universe in order to make preparation for the god Brahma to commence the process of creation. Nataraja is the most revered as well as most feared god in Hinduism embracing the extraordinarily rich and complex cultural heritage of India.  As he performs his cosmic dance with holy river Ganga flowing from his matted hair, he holds in his upper right hand the damaru, the hand drum from which issues the primordial vibrating sound of creation. His right hand he makes the gesture of abhaya, imparting assurance and divine protection. His upper left hand holds the agni, the consuming fire of dynamic destruction. His right foot tramples a dwarf-like figure (apasmara purusha), the ignoble personification of illusion who leads humankind astray. In his dance of ecstasy Shiva raises his left leg in a gesture known as the gaja hasta, providing refuge for the troubled soul. Encircling Shiva is a flaming halo (prabhamandala) which symbolizes the boundaries of the cosmos. Most exquisite feature of all is the divine and calm facial features of Shiva as he dances to destroy ignorance and save the universe.

Khandoba (Martanda Bhairava or Malhari), 18th Century

Shiva is also tribal god depicted as a warrior riding a horse. As Khandoba (Martanda Bhairava or Malhari) he is worshiped mainly in the Deccan plateau of India, especially in the states of Maharashtra and Karnataka. He is the most popular Kuladaivat (family deity) in Maharashtra, the foremost centre of his worship being Jejuri. Khandoba is also the patron deity of warrior, farming, herding and Brahmin (priestly) castes, as well as several of the hunter/gatherer tribes that are native to the hills and forests of this region. The cult of Khandoba has linkages with Hindu and Jain traditions, and also assimilates all communities irrespective of caste, a concept alien to Brahmins. The worship of Khandoba developed during the 9th and 10th centuries from a folk deity into a composite god possessing the attributes of Shiva, Bhairava and Surya.

The Image of Shiva as he is portrayed in various forms, meditating ion Mount Kailash, performing his Tardive dance, riding a horse wielding a sword, or seated on Nandi are a product of Hindu mythology, faith and philosophy expressed through religious art.


 

 

Exotic rare and antique religious figurines and Sculptures of Shiva, Lingam and Nandi from Anton Sebastian Private Collection presented by Antiques International for sale.

 HINDU PHILOSOPHY: SHIVA; CONCEPT OR GOD

 


 



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Displaying 1 to 21 of 73 product(s)
Small South Indian bronze of Shiva, H 3.2", ca 19th century or earlier
Small South Indian bronze of Shiva, H 3.2", ca 19th century or earlier
£26.00
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Nataraja oxidized bronze 5.5" X 4.5" antique look ca 20 century possibly earlier SOLD
Nataraja oxidized bronze 5.5" X 4.5" antique look ca 20 century possibly earlier SOLD
£28.00
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Small solid cast bronze/brass image of Shiva, H 3.5", ca 19th -20th century
Small solid cast bronze/brass image of Shiva, H 3.5", ca 19th -20th century
£32.00
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Nataraja, a small 4 inch bronze iconic symbol of Hinduism ca 19th to 20th century. Ideally for art or table worship.
Nataraja, a small 4 inch bronze iconic symbol of Hinduism ca 19th to 20th century. Ideally for art or table worship.
£48.00
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Nataraja, small bronze (3.5") suited for table veneration or symbolism. ca 19th century.
Nataraja, small bronze (3.5") suited for table veneration or symbolism. ca 19th century.
£48.00
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Nagalinga, Naga guarding the Linga, H 2.7" X  3.5" ca 17th - 18th century
Nagalinga, Naga guarding the Linga, H 2.7" X 3.5" ca 17th - 18th century
£55.00
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Unusual small South Indian bronze of Nandi with a cobra (Naga) on his head, H 1.0" x 1.5" ca 19th century
Unusual small South Indian bronze of Nandi with a cobra (Naga) on his head, H 1.0" x 1.5" ca 19th century
£69.00
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brass Linga and Yoni guarded by a decorated Naga with Omm mantra, H 7.5" X L 5.2", ca  20th century, post 1940s SOLD
brass Linga and Yoni guarded by a decorated Naga with Omm mantra, H 7.5" X L 5.2", ca 20th century, post 1940s SOLD
£69.00
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Cambodian bronze Nataraja, H 7.5, 18th  19th century, SOLD
Cambodian bronze Nataraja, H 7.5, 18th 19th century, SOLD
£85.00
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A small 18th century or earlier South Indian bronze of seated Nandi, two rows of bells around the neck 1.0" x L 1.0"
A small 18th century or earlier South Indian bronze of seated Nandi, two rows of bells around the neck 1.0" x L 1.0"
£85.00
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Lord Shiva on Kailasa, H 5.3",  mid 20th century
Lord Shiva on Kailasa, H 5.3", mid 20th century
£115.00
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A delightful 18th century Nandi, South Indian bronze, H 3.0" x L 3.0"  ca 17th - 18th century or older
A delightful 18th century Nandi, South Indian bronze, H 3.0" x L 3.0" ca 17th - 18th century or older
£115.00
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Shiva seated on a circular lotus floral base placed on a 3 tiered square platform in a dhyna posture , ca 19th century
Shiva seated on a circular lotus floral base placed on a 3 tiered square platform in a dhyna posture , ca 19th century
£122.00
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Shiva as Nataraja dancing in an aureole of flames, H 20 cm, 19th to early 20th century South Indian bronze
Shiva as Nataraja dancing in an aureole of flames, H 20 cm, 19th to early 20th century South Indian bronze
£130.00
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Shiva wielding a knife on a horse, bronze 3.5" excluding wooden stand 18th -19th century or earlier
Shiva wielding a knife on a horse, bronze 3.5" excluding wooden stand 18th -19th century or earlier
£148.00
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Long haired Lord Shiva meditating on Kailasa mountain with trishula (Trident) by the side and the serpent coiled around his neck H 5.5"
Long haired Lord Shiva meditating on Kailasa mountain with trishula (Trident) by the side and the serpent coiled around his neck H 5.5"
£155.00
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Unusual South Indian bronze of Nandi with her calf, L 2.2" X 2.2" ca 18th - 19th century or earlier
Unusual South Indian bronze of Nandi with her calf, L 2.2" X 2.2" ca 18th - 19th century or earlier
£165.00
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Large 24" high 19th century aluminium/copper/ hollow cast bronze of four-arm Shiva with serene features SOLD
Large 24" high 19th century aluminium/copper/ hollow cast bronze of four-arm Shiva with serene features SOLD
£168.00
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South Indian hollow cast bronze of Nandi seated on a rectangular plinth, H 3.4" L 2.6", ca 17th - 18th century
South Indian hollow cast bronze of Nandi seated on a rectangular plinth, H 3.4" L 2.6", ca 17th - 18th century
£180.00
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Nataraja, South Indian artful bronze, H 8, ca early 20th century SOLD
Nataraja, South Indian artful bronze, H 8, ca early 20th century SOLD
£180.00
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Bronze statue of Kali with sword, severed head and blood bowl depicting the legend of Shiva and  Kali, 13.5 X  11 X  3.75 CM  19th -20th century
Bronze statue of Kali with sword, severed head and blood bowl depicting the legend of Shiva and Kali, 13.5 X 11 X 3.75 CM 19th -20th century
£180.00
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Displaying 1 to 21 of 73 product(s)